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^: *caliban.esa.catchword.org
^: Fang Qi; Huang Cheng-Hua; Ye Gong-Yin; Yao Hong-Wei; Cheng Jia-An ; Akhtar Zunnu-Raen
^: Differential Fipronil Susceptibility and Metabolism in Two Rice Stem Borers from China [ Sesamia inferens Chilo suppressalis - ; ]
^: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2008; Vol.101,N 4. - P. 1415-1420
^: 2008
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^: Chilo suppressalis Sesamia inferens ( ) O- -s- () . In vivo in vitro S. inferens C. suppressalis. , S. inferens 50 118,5 C. suppressalis. , -, . O- C. suppressalis . 1,35 2,06 , S. inferens. - , . C. suppressalis - - , S. inferens. C. suppressalis -, , , . ( ..).

aref2 The susceptibilities of larvae of two rice stem borers, namely, Chilo suppressalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and Sesamia inferens (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Nocutidae) to fipronil and its metabolites were investigated, and then the activities of microsomal O-demethylase, and glutathione transferase (GST) in two species were measured. The metabolism of fipronil in both stem borers was determined in vivo and in vitro. The LD50 value of fipronil to S. inferens was 118.5-fold higher than that of C. suppressalis. The bioassay results of fipronil metabolites showed that the toxicities of sulfone and sulfide were higher than fipronil for both species, and the differential toxicity between sulfone and fipronil was remarkable. Alternatively, the activities of microsomal O-demethylase and GST of C. suppressalis were 1.35- and 2.06-fold higher than S. inferens, respectively. The in vivo and in vitro studies on metabolism of fipronil showed that all of fipronil, sulfone, and sulfide were detected and the content of sulfone was higher than sulfide in both stem borers. The residue of sulfone in C. suppressalis was significantly higher than that in S. inferens. These results suggest that the higher activity of mixed function oxidases may cause the higher capacity of C. suppressalis to produce fipronil-sulfone, which is more toxic than fipronil leading to the higher susceptibility of this species.

^TRN: 1260599
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