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^: 07-5612 2012 N 4
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^: - [ ; , ] = Barley is a source of antibiotics
^: . / . . . -. , 2012; N 4(37). - . 70-72
^: 2012
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^: , . , . . , . : , . . . , . , Streptomyces, . C, Bacillus brevis.

aref2 2 Barley is characterized by an elevated content of antiviral and antibacterial substances such as lysine and gordecin. In this regard, barley broths and infusions are a popular means of traditional medicine for the treatment of fungal and inflammatory diseases of the skin, gastrointestinal tract and respiratory organs. Barley grains are a raw material for the production of microbicide and antiviral pharmaceuticals. Antibiotics have been widely used not only in medicine to fight many infectious diseases, but also for non-medical purposes. They are used in the following sectors of the national economy: in veterinary medicine, to increase the production of livestock products. The antibiotic gordecin is isolated from barley grains. Barley genotypes are polymorphic in the content of gordicine in carbonate and neutral fractions. There is a tendency of direct dependence between the resistance of barley to rust, floury dew and helminthsporeusis and the content of gordetsin. Mould grown on the roots of barley belongs to the fungi of the genus Streptomyces, which is a producer of antibiotics streptomycin and tetracycline. Only tetracycline and gramicidine C, produced by the controversial stick Bacillus brevis, have been identified.

^TRN: 1328079
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