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^: *http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1445-6664 /issues (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1445-6664/ issues)
^: Hisashi Kato-Noguchi; Takuya Takaoka; Kozue Okada.
^: Effect of the d-glucose analog, d-allose, on the growth of Arabidopsis roots [ d- - d- - ( ) ( ). ]
^: Weed Biology & Management, 2011; Vol.11,N 1. - P. 7-11
^: 2011
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^: Although d-glucose increased the root growth of Arabidopsis seedlings, d-allose (a d-glucose epimer at the third carbon atom) inhibited the root growth at concentrations >0.1 mmol L−1 and the inhibition increased with increasing d-allose concentrations. Allitol (a reduction product of d-allose) did not show any significant effect on the growth. The addition of d-glucose into the growth medium of Arabidopsis reversed the d-allose-induced growth inhibition, which suggests that the inhibition is not caused by the toxicity of the accumulation of d-allose and/or its metabolites in the seedlings. d-Allose is phosphorylated by hexokinase, using ATP and phosphate, to allose-6-phosphate, with no known capacity for further metabolism. The addition of phosphate into the growth medium did not affect the d-allose-induced growth inhibition and d-allose did not reduce the ATP level in the roots. These results suggest that the inhibition is not due to phosphate starvation and ATP depletion. d-Mannoheptulose, a specific competitive inhibitor of hexokinase, defeated the d-allose-induced growth inhibition. Hexokinase is known to have a sugar-sensing function and possibly triggers a signal cascade, resulting in the change of several gene expressions. Therefore, the phosphorylation of d-allose by hexokinase might trigger a signal cascade, resulting in the inhibition of Arabidopsis root growth. This is probably a useful model system for studies of the hexokinase-mediated sugar-sensing function and for developing new types of weed-control agents. aref1

^TRN: 1374397
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