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^: *http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1445-6664 /issues (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1445-6664/ issues)
^: Hosseini S.A.; Mohassel M.H.R. ; Spliid N.H.; Mathiassen S.K.; Kudsk P.
^: Response of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) to sulfosulfuron: The role of degradation [ (Hordeum spontaneum) ; - ; - -. (. )]
^: Weed Biology & Management, 2011; Vol.11,N 2. - P. 64-71
^: 2011
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^: Wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) is one of the most troublesome weed species in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) in Iran. Two bioassay experiments were conducted in order to study the response of wild barley and wheat to different herbicides and to study the efficacy of pre-emergence (PRE), postemergence (POST), and PRE followed by POST applications of sulfosulfuron on wild barely. Moreover, the degradation of sulfosulfuron was studied by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The results showed that wild barley was highly tolerant to clodinafop-propargyl and its dry weight was reduced by only 15%, compared to the control, at the recommended dose (64 g ai ha−1). Sulfosulfuron reduced the wild barley biomass by ≤50% at the highest dose (90 g ai ha−1) in the first bioassay but by not more than 20% and 12% at the recommended dose (22 g ai ha−1) in the first and second bioassay, respectively. Significant differences were found among the application methods of sulfosulfuron, with the POST application being the least effective method. In contrast to the POST application, wild barley was severely injured by the PRE application of sulfosulfuron, with an ED50 dose of 7.3 g ai ha−1. The degradation study showed that wild barley can metabolize sulfosulfuron that is applied POST, but at a lower rate than wheat. By 4 h after application, wild barley had metabolized 26% of the sulfosulfuron, compared to 46% by wheat. In conclusion, wild barley can metabolize the recommended dose of sulfosulfuron that is applied POST; thus, the PRE application of sulfosulfuron or other integrated methods should be considered for the effective control of wild barley in wheat. aref1

^TRN: 1375196
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