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^: *http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa
^: Ishtiaq M.; Saleem M.A.
^: Generating Susceptible Strain and Resistance Status of Field Populations of Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Against Some Conventional and New Chemistry Insecticides in Pakistan [ Spodoptera exigua ]
^: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2011; Vol.104,N 4. - P. 1343-1348
^: 2011
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^: Two field populations of Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Dera Ghazi Khan (D.G. Khan) and Multan, Pakistan, were tested for resistance to the 10 most commonly used insecticides in Pakistan by using a standard leaf disc bioassay on the F1 progeny. For comparison, a susceptible strain was generated from the Multan strain, which displayed lower LC50 values for most of the insecticides, by either mass rearing without exposure to insecticides or single-pair crosses against selected insecticides. The single-pair crosses generated a more susceptible strain than mass rearing. The D.G. Khan field strain was highly resistant to cypermethrin, profenofos, spinosad, abamectin, and chlorpyrifos and moderately resistant to deltamethrin, indoxacarb, and methoxyfenozide compared with susceptible lab strain. The Multan strain was highly resistant to profenofos and indoxacarb. Both field populations were susceptible to emamectin benzoate and lufenuron. Rotating these two insecticides with others that show very low, low, or moderate levels of resistance and have different modes of action may be useful for the effective management of this pest. aref1

^TRN: 1390918
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