^АВТ: Seiter N.J.; Greene J.K.; Reay-Jones F.P.F.
^ЗГЛ: Reduction of Soybean Yield Components by Megacopta
cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae) <!A>[Исследование
зависимости между плотностью популяций клопа Megacopta
cribraria (Hemiptera: Plataspidae) на посевах сои и величиной
потерь урожая культуры в условиях США]
^ВЫХ: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2013; Vol.106,N 4. - P.
^РЕФ: Since its discovery in the United States, the invasive plataspid Megacopta cribraria (F.) (Hemiptera: Plataspidae) has infested soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] fields in often alarming numbers in parts of the southeastern United States. Although a known feeder on soybean, reports of its pest status in its native Asian range are conflicting, and little information exists documenting its impact on soybean yields. Our objective was to examine the relationship between M. cribraria density and soybean yield loss. M. cribraria adults and nymphs were confined to small soybean plots by using walk-in field cages from late vegetative stage to harvest in 2011 and 2012. Adults (0, 5, or 25 per plant) were added at late vegetative stages, and their progeny were allowed to complete a full generation within the caged plots. Densities reached as high as 182.5 ± 23.1 (SEM) nymphs and adults per plant, and soybean yield was reduced by as much as 59.6% at the highest density treatment. The yield components seeds per pod and individual seed weight were reduced as M. cribraria densities increased, but pods per plant and protein and oil content were not affected. Preliminary economic injury level curves for a range of grain prices and management costs were calculated based on 2012 yield loss data combined with population monitoring. M. cribraria is capable of causing severe reductions in soybean yields at densities that are relevant within its invasive U.S. range.
^ВИД: Статья из книги
^ТЕР: СОЯ. GLYCINE MAX [СОЯ КУЛЬТУРНАЯ]. НАСЕКОМЫЕ-ВРЕДИТЕЛИ
(Pest insects) [ВРЕДНЫЕ НАСЕКОМЫЕ]. PLATASPIDAE.
HETEROPTERA [КЛОПЫ]. ПЛОТНОСТЬ ПОПУЛЯЦИЙ. ПОТЕРИ УРОЖАЯ
(Crop losses). США (USA). MEGACOPTA CRIBRARIA [COPTOSOMA
^РТЗ: FABACEAE [LEGUMINOSAE; БОБОВЫЕ]. FABALES. GLYCINE
(Glycine (genus)). HEMIPTERA [ПОЛУЖЕСТКОКРЫЛЫЕ].
MEGACOPTA. PAPILIONOIDEAE [FABOIDEAE; МОТЫЛЬКОВЫЕ].
АМЕРИКА (Americas). ВРЕДИТЕЛИ РАСТЕНИЙ (Pests of plants).
ВРЕДНЫЕ БЕСПОЗВОНОЧНЫЕ. ВРЕДНЫЕ ОРГАНИЗМЫ. ВРЕДНЫЕ
ЧЛЕНИСТОНОГИЕ. ЗЕРНОБОБОВЫЕ КУЛЬТУРЫ. МАСЛИЧНЫЕ КУЛЬТУРЫ
(Oil crops). НАСЕКОМЫЕ (Insects) [INSECTA]. ПОПУЛЯЦИИ.
ПОТЕРИ (Losses) [УБЫТКИ]. С-Х КУЛЬТУРЫ. СЕВЕРНАЯ АМЕРИКА
(North America). СТРАНЫ АТЭС. СТРАНЫ МИРА. ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ
КУЛЬТУРЫ (Industrial crops). ЧЛЕНИСТОНОГИЕ (Arthropods)