^АВТ: Wunderlich L.R.; Cooper M.L.; Daane K.M.
^ЗГЛ: Seasonal Biology of Ferrisia gilli (Hemiptera:
Pseudococcidae) in California Sierra Foothill Vineyards
[Сезонная биология мучнистого червеца Ferrisia gilli
(Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) на виноградниках предгорий Сьерры
в Калифорнии, США]
^ВЫХ: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2013; Vol.106,N 4. - P.
^РЕФ: The mealybug Ferrisia gilli Gullan is an emerging pest of wine grapes grown in California's Sierra foothills. A relatively new species, it had previously been recorded as a pest of pistachio, almond, and ornamentals. It was first reported on grape in El Dorado County in 2003 and has since established and spread. Nondestructive monitoring of grape vine sections was conducted in untreated vineyard plots and compared with destructive sampling conducted in grower-treated plots in 2008 and 2009 to determine F. gilli life stage seasonal presence, number of generations, location on the vine during the season, and damage potential to fruit clusters. Two generations were observed to be completed during the season. F. gilli overwintered under the bark at the base of the trunk, trunk, and cordon as second and third instars. Adults were found at the base of emerging shoots (spring) or on and under bark of old and new spurs. Live crawlers were born in June (first generation) and late August to September (second generation), and migrated to leaves to feed before moving to protected locations under bark or into fruit clusters. Lower mealybug densities and fruit damage were recorded on vines with than without insecticide treatment(s). Parasitized mealybugs were collected in low numbers and an Acerophagus sp. was the dominant parasitoid.
^ВИД: Статья из книги
^ТЕР: ВИНОГРАД (Grapes) [ВИНОГРАДНАЯ ЛОЗА]. VITIS VINIFERA
[ВИНОГРАД КУЛЬТУРНЫЙ]. НАСЕКОМЫЕ-ВРЕДИТЕЛИ (Pest insects)
[ВРЕДНЫЕ НАСЕКОМЫЕ]. PSEUDOCOCCIDAE [МУЧНИСТЫЕ ЧЕРВЕЦЫ].
БИОЛОГИЯ (Biology). ФЕНОЛОГИЯ (Phenology). ЕСТЕСТВЕННЫЕ
ВРАГИ (Natural enemies). ПРЕДГОРЬЯ (Foothills). США (USA).
^РТЗ: COCCOIDEA [КОКЦИДЫ; ЧЕРВЕЦЫ]. HEMIPTERA
[ПОЛУЖЕСТКОКРЫЛЫЕ]. HOMOPTERA [РАВНОКРЫЛЫЕ].
STERNORRHYNCHA [ШЕЕХОБОТНЫЕ]. VITIDACEAE [VITACEAE;
ВИНОГРАДОВЫЕ]. VITIS. АМЕРИКА (Americas). ВРЕДИТЕЛИ
РАСТЕНИЙ (Pests of plants). ВРЕДНЫЕ БЕСПОЗВОНОЧНЫЕ.
ВРЕДНЫЕ ОРГАНИЗМЫ. ВРЕДНЫЕ ЧЛЕНИСТОНОГИЕ. ЗОНЫ. НАСЕКОМЫЕ
(Insects) [INSECTA]. НАУКИ (science). ПОЛЕЗНЫЕ ОРГАНИЗМЫ
(Beneficial organisms). С-Х КУЛЬТУРЫ. СЕВЕРНАЯ АМЕРИКА
(North America). СТРАНЫ АТЭС. СТРАНЫ МИРА. ЧЛЕНИСТОНОГИЕ
^КЛС: Ferrisia gilli.