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^: *http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1570-7458 /issues ( 2010 . EBSCO) (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1570-7458/ issues ( 2010 . EBSCO))
^: Butler C.D.; Walker G.P.; Trumble J.T.
^: Feeding disruption of potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli, by imidacloprid as measured by electrical penetration graphs [ EPG ( ) Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae), - 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum'. ()]
^: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2012; Vol.142,N 3. - P. 247-257
^: 2012
^: :http://search.epnet.com.- Bibliogr.:p.255-257
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^: The potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), is a serious pest of potatoes that can cause yield loss by direct feeding and by transmitting a bacterial pathogen, Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous (also known as Candidatus L. solanacearum), which is associated with zebra chip disease of this crop. Current pest management practices rely on the use of insecticides for control of potato psyllid to lower disease incidences and increase yields. Imidacloprid is typically applied at potato planting, and it remains unknown if imidacloprid has any effect on potato psyllid feeding behavior. Thus, our specific objectives of this study were to determine and characterize the effects of imidacloprid treatment (0.11 ml l−1) to potato plants on adult potato psyllid feeding behavior 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-application. Electrical penetration graph (EPG) recordings of potato psyllid feeding revealed six EPG waveforms, which include non-probing (NP), intercellular stylet penetration (C), initial contact with phloem tissue (D), salivation into phloem sieve elements (E1), phloem sap ingestion (E2), and ingestion of xylem sap (G). The number of NP events and the duration of individual NP events significantly increased on plants treated with imidacloprid compared with untreated controls. Potato psyllids exhibited significant decreases in the number of phloem salivation events on plants treated with imidacloprid. Waveform durations and waveform durations per event for E2 and G were significantly decreased for psyllids on plants treated with imidacloprid compared with untreated controls. These data suggest that the effective use of imidacloprid to reduce transmission of Ca. Liberibacter psyllaurous is related to the negative effects of imidacloprid on psyllid feeding. aref1

^TRN: 1569460
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