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^: 3576 2019 8
^: A.. ( . ).; .. ; ..
^: [ , , ] = Prospects of cultivation immunostimulant plants in the Middle Urals
^: , 2019; N 8. - . 2-7
^: 2019
^: . ..-.:.5-7
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^: " " - "", , . 4 , : (Rhodiola rosea L.), (Rhaponticum carthamoides Willd.), (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), (Echinacea purpurea Moench). , , , - , , , . . , , (72-87 %), . , ( ) 70,4 %. ( 5 - 24,6 / 24,0 / ). - , 3,2-3,9 , . 2018 ( ) , 446,8 , 1787,2 /2.

aref2 2 The experience on the topic Prospects of cultivation of immunostimulating plants in the Middle Urals" was laid in the educational and experimental farm Uralets", on the collection site of medicinal plants Ural State Agrarian University, located in Beloyarsk district, Sverdlovsk region. The experiment studied 4 species belonging to the group of Immunostimulants: Golden root (Rhodiola rosea L.), maral root (Rhaponticum carthamoides Willd.), Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), Echinacea purpurea (Echinacea purpurea Moench). The results obtained during the study showed that the studied species difier significantly in morphological and biological features, phenological rhythm, structural composition, productivity of above-ground and underground biomass. Of the studied plants, the slow rhythm of development is characterized by Echinacea purpurea. Full development, with the formation of Mature seeds with high laboratory germination (72-87 %), reach maral root and skullcap Baikal. The best ratio of structural elements in aboveground biomass is Baikal skullcap, it has a share of two fractions with a high content of BAS (leaves and inforescences) accounts for 70.4 %. Over the years of research, consistently high productivity of above-ground biomass was provided by maral root and Echinacea purpurea - 24.6 t/ha; 24.0 t/ha, respectively. Significantly lower - in the Golden root and skullcap Baikal, whose productivity is 3.2-3.9 times lower than that of the maral root. The greatest productivity of underground biomass in 2018 was formed in the phytocenosis of the Golden root, it reached 446.8 g on average per plant.

^TRN: 1874101
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