^АВТ: Leskey T.C.; Short B.D.; Ludwick D.
^ЗГЛ: Comparison and Refinement of Integrated Pest Management
Tactics for Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
Management in Apple Orchards [Сравнительная оценка
эффективности тактик интегрированной борьбы с мраморным
клопом-щитником Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) в
яблоневых садах шт. Западная Виргиния, США]
^ВЫХ: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2020; Vol.113,N 4. - P.
Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) has been managed primarily with broad-spectrum insecticides in orchard systems. Recently, IPM techniques have been developed specifically for managing H. halys in apple orchards to reduce insecticide inputs and take advantage of its perimeter-driven behavior. In 2015 and 2016, we compared these IPM tactics to one another and an untreated control to measure differences in overall crop protection and insecticide inputs. Tactics included trap-based threshold-triggered spray applications, perimeter-based attract-and-kill (AK) trees treated every 7- and 14-d, and perimeter spray applications applied every 7- and 14-d. All plots were monitored with baited black pyramid traps deployed in plot interiors. In both years, mean number of H. halys captured in untreated control plot traps was significantly greater than plots managed using IPM tactics. In 2015, significantly more insecticide applications were made in 7- and 14-d perimeter and AK plots compared with trap-based threshold plots. There was no significant difference in the percentage of injured fruit in plot interiors among IPM tactics; all were significantly lower than the control. In 2016, significantly more insecticide applications were made in 7-d perimeter spray and AK plots compared with all other treatments. Significantly less injury was detected in plot interiors for 7- and 14-d perimeter and trap-based threshold plots compared with the control and 7- and 14-d AK plots. Although all IPM tactics reduced H. halys injury in apples using a trap-based treatment threshold required fewer insecticide inputs and only during brief periods of the season, while all others required season-long maintenance.
^ВИД: Статья из книги
^РУБ: 68_37_29_53_17; 68_37_29_13_23
^УДК: 634.11:632.754; 632.93
^ТЕР: ЯБЛОНЯ. MALUS DOMESTICA [MALUS COMMUNIS; PYRUS MALUS;
ЯБЛОНЯ ДОМАШНЯЯ; ЯБЛОНЯ ОБЫКНОВЕННАЯ].
НАСЕКОМЫЕ-ВРЕДИТЕЛИ (Pest insects) [ВРЕДНЫЕ НАСЕКОМЫЕ].
HALYOMORPHA HALYS. БОРЬБА С ВРЕДИТЕЛЯМИ. ИНТЕГРИРОВАННАЯ
БОРЬБА (Integrated control). ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ (Insecticides).
^РТЗ: HALYOMORPHA. HEMIPTERA [ПОЛУЖЕСТКОКРЫЛЫЕ]. HETEROPTERA
[КЛОПЫ]. MALUS. PENTATOMIDAE [ПЕНТАТОМИДЫ; ЩИТНИКИ].
ROSACEAE [РОЗОВЫЕ; РОЗОЦВЕТНЫЕ]. АМЕРИКА (Americas).
ВРЕДИТЕЛИ РАСТЕНИЙ (Pests of plants). ВРЕДНЫЕ
БЕСПОЗВОНОЧНЫЕ. ВРЕДНЫЕ ОРГАНИЗМЫ. ВРЕДНЫЕ ЧЛЕНИСТОНОГИЕ.
МЕТОДЫ ЗАЩИТЫ РАСТЕНИЙ. НАСЕКОМЫЕ (Insects) [INSECTA].
ПЕСТИЦИДЫ (Pesticides) [ЯДОХИМИКАТЫ]. ПЛОДОВЫЕ КУЛЬТУРЫ
(Fruit crops). С-Х КУЛЬТУРЫ. СЕВЕРНАЯ АМЕРИКА (North
America). СЕМЕЧКОВЫЕ КУЛЬТУРЫ. СТРАНЫ АТЭС. СТРАНЫ МИРА.
ЧЛЕНИСТОНОГИЕ (Arthropods) [ARTHROPODA].