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^: *http://jee.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year
^: Fanela T.L.M.; Baldin E.L.L.; Hunt T.E.; Faria R.D.
^: Baseline Plant-to-Plant Larval Movement of Spodoptera eridania in Bt and Non-Bt Soybean and Its Possible Impacts on IRM [ , Spodoptera eridania (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Bt- ( Cry1Ac) Bt-. (. )]
^: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2020; Vol.113,N 4. - P. 1741-1752
^: 2020
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^: The widespread use of transgenic technologies has led to the emergence of insect populations resistant to Bt toxins. Some lepidopteran pest species also appear to naturally have some level of tolerance to certain proteins, such as some species of Spodoptera to Cry1Ac. One of the main strategies to manage resistance is the use of refuge areas, the success of which is in part dependent on larval movement of the target pest. Thus, in order to assess the viability of a refuge strategy addressing Spodoptera eridania Stoll (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Bt soybean, it was evaluated the larval movement across plants in Bt and non-Bt soybean, as well as the larval development and mortality on Bt and non-Bt soybean cultivars. We concluded that apparent S. eridania incomplete resistance resulting from high larval mortality and low adaptability on Bt plants, high larval dispersal, nondirectional larval movement, and random larval spatial dispersion suggest that structured refuge is more suitable than mixed refuge for managing resistance in S. eridania populations. aref1

^TRN: 1908364
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