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^: *http://jee.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year
^: Zhou Hao; Du Lingjun; Wan Fang-Hao; Zhou Hongxu
^: Comparative Analysis of Stylet Penetration Behaviors of Eriosoma lanigerum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Main Apple Cultivars in China [ EPG ( ) Eriosoma lanigerum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) , ]
^: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2020; Vol.113,N 4. - P. 1761-1767
^: 2020
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^: The preference and behavioral mechanism of the feeding behavior of the woolly apple aphid, Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausmann), on Chinese apple cultivars was investigated using the electrical penetration graph (EPG) technique. Feeding of adult aphids was assessed for the four main cultivars of apple in China (Red Fuji, Ralls Genet, Starkrimson, and Jonagold) over an 8-h monitoring period, what that of fourth-instar nymphs was assessed for 8 h on Jonagold only. EPG waveforms representing the details of probing behaviors, parameters were measured for analysis. We found that at the nonphloem phase, the total duration of the nonpenetration (np) waveform and the total duration of the stylet pathway phase (the C wave') on Ralls Genet and Starkrimson were significantly longer than on Red Fuji. In addition, the phloem-feeding phase, the total duration of release of saliva into the phloem', (the E1 waveform) was significantly longer on Ralls Genet and Jonagold than on Red Fuji. The total duration of the ingestion from sieve cells' phase (the E2 waveform) on Red Fuji, meanwhile, was significantly longer than on Ralls Genet or Starkrimson. At the same time, when combined with EPG parameters, Red Fuji was found to have no obvious resistance to woolly apple aphid and to be a susceptible cultivar. This experiment also recorded the feeding waveform of fourth-instar aphid nymphs. Based on the phloem and nonphloem parameters recorded in this study, it was inferred that adult aphids are more likely than nymphs to feed on apple trees. aref1

^TRN: 1908366
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