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^: *http://jee.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year
^: Akotsen-Mensah C.; Blaauw B.; Short B.; Leskey T.C. ; Bergh J.C.; Polk D.; Nielsen A.L.
^: Using IPM-CPR as a Management Program for Apple Orchards [ IPM-CPR ( - ) -: Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), Cydia pomonella Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae) - -, , ]
^: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2020; Vol.113,N 4. - P. 1894-1902
^: 2020
^: Bibliogr.:p.1900-1902
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^: We have demonstrated how management of key orchard pests including the insect invasive species Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) can be accomplished using a systems-level approach termed IPM-CPR (Integrated Pest Management-Crop Perimeter Restructuring) in apple. We conducted on-farm comparisons of IPM-CPR to standard management program for managing H. halys, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), and Lygus lineolaris Palisot de Beauvois (Hemiptera: Miridae) in commercial apple orchards in 2014, 2016, and 2017 in New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia. The presence and abundance of key pests and fruit injury at harvest were used as a measure of success of the program. We compared the amount of insecticide applied for each management program. In majority of instances, there were no differences in the IPM-CPR and the standard management program in terms of H. halys numbers in baited pyramid traps and stink bug injury at harvest. Damage from C. pomonella and G. molesta in the IPM-CPR treatment was significantly lower than the standard management program in 2014 and 2017. Amount of active ingredient used was on average 62.1% lower in the IPM-CPR treatment compared with standard management program. Despite a reduction in insecticide use, there were minimal impacts on beneficial insects. Overall, IPM-CPR in apples successfully managed key orchard pests, including H. halys, and used significantly less insecticide than a standard insecticide-based management program and could be adopted as a systems-level approach for pest population reduction. aref1

^TRN: 1908412
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