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^: *http://jee.oxfordjournals.org/content/by/year
^: Achhami B.B.; Reddy G.V.P.; Sherman J.D.; Peterson R.K.D.; Weaver D.K.
^: Effect of Precipitation and Temperature on Larval Survival of Cephus cinctus (Hymenoptera: Cephidae) in Barley Cultivars [ Cephus cinctus (Hymenoptera: Cephidae) . , ]
^: Journal of Economic Entomology, 2020; Vol.113,N 4. - P. 1982-1989
^: 2020
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^: Host plant traits strongly affect survivorship of insect herbivores, and host suitability is especially important for the wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus Norton, which spends its entire egg, larval, and pupal periods in a single stem. Measuring larval survival inside stems from egg hatch through diapause-mediated dormancy is a potential measure of population size for the next year but is also useful in assessing effects of growing season precipitation and temperature. Larval growth is synchronized with host plant growth, and the larva cannot switch hosts. Thus, incorporating plant physiological time, as growing degree days (GDD), may yield a better prediction of larval survival. Therefore, we assessed wheat stem sawfly survival from early larval growth to the beginning of autumnal diapause in barley cultivars selected from across feed, forage, and two- or six-row malt groups. Field experiments were conducted in Gallatin and Chouteau counties, Montana, in 2016 and 2017. We used Kaplan-Meier estimation to assess larval survival among cultivars. We found that the survival of pre-diapause larvae was greatest in Hockett' (36.5%) and lowest in Celebration' (15.4%). Precipitation and temperature during the growing season affected temporal patterns for larval survival across study sites. Adjusting survivorship curves using site-specific GDD accumulation allowed cultivar-specific survivorship to be estimated more precisely for each site, despite differing environmental influences. Our findings suggest that measuring wheat stem sawfly survival across barley cultivars and standardizing by site-specific GDDs may provide better recommendations on barley cultivars that impede wheat stem sawfly population growth and reduce economic losses. aref1

^TRN: 1908492
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