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^: *https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/loi/14390434 (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/loi/14390434)
^: Valente de Medeiros E.; de Alcantara Notaro K.; de Barros J.A.; Pereira Duda G.; dos Santos Moraes M.de C.H.; de Queiroz Ambrosio M.M.; Negreiros A.M.P.; Sales Junior R.
^: Soils from intercropped fields have a higher capacity to suppress black root rot in cassava, caused by Scytalidium lignicola [ , .-. Scytalidium lignicola . ()]
^: Journal of Phytopathology, 2019; Vol.167,N 4. - P. 209-217
^: 2019
^: Bibliogr.:p.215-217
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^: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the natural suppressive capacity of soils from forest, and monocropping and intercropping systems, against root rot, caused by Scytalidium lignicola, in a greenhouse experiment. We used soils from a tropical dry forest (FOR) and two intercropping and two monoculture systems. The first intercrop was maize and beans (CORNCOWP), and the second intercrop was cassava, pigeon peas and beans (CASPIGPCOWP). The first monoculture was beans, and the second was passion fruit. The intercropping soils showed a higher capacity to suppress black root rot in cassava than the monoculture because such soils were able to reduce disease severity by about 50%. Bean soil in the monoculture showed less microbial biomass carbon than in the intercrop, with means of 10.05 and 38.2 mg/kg, respectively. The higher density of bacteria and fungal populations, microbial biomass, urease and arylsulphatase activities correlated with a decrease in disease severity. Soils from the intercrops produced changes in soil quality, primarily in the population and density of microorganisms, enzymatic activities, total organic carbon and nutrients, reducing disease severity in cassava plants. These effects were validated by multivariate principal component analysis and showed three distinct groups: one FOR, one intercropping and one monocropping. The majority of vectors were in the direction of FOR and intercropping soils. We have provided some of the first data related to the beneficial effects of intercropping on the suppression of black root rot in cassava, which is validated through different attributes. aref1

^TRN: 1912560
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